Divorce in a marriage can not be separated from the effects on children. Many factors must first be considered before explaining about the impact of the development of children after a divorce between their mother and father.
In the book Life Span Development by John W. Santrok in 2002, these factors can include changes in the child's age and stage of development, conflict after divorce, child's gender and parenting styles after divorce. All of it can describe how a given impact of divorce on children's development at that time and the future.
Age changes and developments
The age of the child at the time of divorce should be considered. Comments in response to small children on divorce mediated by limited cognitive and social competence, their dependence on parents.
Immaturity of cognitive and social factors they will be more profitable them as a teenager. During adolescence, they are much less remember the conflict and divorce that occurred when they were little. But there is no doubt that they are also disappointed and angry over the development of their growth without the presence of an intact family or never divorced.
Children and teenagers who have experienced parental divorce are more likely to remember the conflict and stress surrounding the divorce ten years later, in their early adulthood. They also appears to be disappointed with the state of those who grew up in a family that is not intact.
They also became concerned when their lives would not be better if they did not do anything better. In adolescence, they can come in and trapped drug problems and delinquency of adolescents who experienced parental divorce in childhood and adolescence growing up in intact families.
Many of separation and divorce is very emosiaonal affair that immerses children into the conflict. Conflict is a critical aspect of the functioning of families who are often more severe than the effect of family structure on child development.
For example, divorced families with relatively low-conflict better than the intact family but with relatively high conflict. In the years after the divorce conflict can not be reduced but will continue to grow. At this time, boys from divorced families showed more adjustment problems than children from intact families whose parents are there.
During the first year after the divorce, the quality of parental care is often poor. Parents more often preoccupied with the needs and requirements of its own adjustment as experiencing depression, confusion and emotional instability.
During the second year after the divorce, parents are more effective in mnegerjakan childcare tasks, especially girls.
Gender Children and Essentials of Care
The sex of the child and parent caregiver is an important consideration in evaluating the effects of divorce on children's development. Children who live with parents caregivers with gender equality shows that more competent social conditions such as happier, more independent, and more adults than in children who live with parents caregivers of different sexes.
In an another study, it was found that adolescents with gender both men and women living with mother's family will be able to make adjustments of the family living with the father.
Conclusions about the children from divorced families. In short, a large number of children who grow up in divorced families. Most children at first experienced severe stress when their parents divorced and they are at risk of behavioral problems develop the problem. But divorce can also release children from marital conflict. Many children who experience parental divorce become competent individuals.
Source : http://www.psikologizone.com/dampak-perceraian-terhadap-anak/06511576