Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Simple Past (I did)

Tom : Look! It’s raining again.
Ann : Oh no, not again. It rained all day yesterday too.

Rained is the simple past tense. We used the simple past to talk about actions or situations in the past

a.       Study this example :
§  I enjoyed the party very much.
§  Mr. Brown died ten years ago.
§  When I lived in Athens, I worked in a bank.

b.      Very often the simple past ends in –ed:
§  We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
§  The police stopped me on my way home last night.
§  She passed her exam because she studied very hard.
But many important verbs are irregular. This means that the simple past doesn’t end in –ed:
Leave     ––»     left        We all left the party at 11:00.
Go          ––»      went     Last month I went to Rome to see my friend.
Cost      ––»      cost     This house cost $75,000 in 1980.
The past of the verb be (am/is/are) is was/were:
        I/he/she/it was                          we/you/they were

   I was angry because Tome and Ann were late.


c.       In simple past questions and negatives we use did/didn’t + the base form (do/open, etc.) :
                                      It rained             did it rain?                        It didn’t rain


§  Ann : Did you go out last night, Tom?
Tom ; Yes, I went to the movies. But I didn’t enjoy it.
§  When did Mrs. Johnson die?
§  What did you do over the weekend?
§  We didn’t invite her to the party, so she didn’t come.
Note that we normally use did/didn’t with have:
§  Did you have time to write the letter?
§  I didn’t have enough money to buy anything to eat.
But we don’t use did with the verb be (was/were):
§  Why were you so angry?
§  Was Mark at work yesterday?
§  They weren’t able to come because they were very busy.

Sumber :  Murphi, Raymond. 1989. Grammar In Use. Australia: Cambridge University

No comments:

Post a Comment